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#199
Save the Manatees
There are only l,850 manatees remaining in the U.S. today and unless the biggest threat to the manatees -- human beings -- change their ways, these gentle, slow-moving mammals may end up extinct. In this Enviro Close-Up, Pat Rose of the Florida-based Save the Manatee Club, discusses the plight of the manatee and the comprehensive program of his group's initiatives. He speaks of what people can do -- from respecting the habitat of the manatee while boating, fishing and swimming to supporting the research, educational and legislative programs of the Save the Manatee Club.

#198
Prairie Island Coalition
George Crocker of the Minnesota-based coalition describes its struggle against the atomic industry including the industry's plans for “dry cask” storage of nuclear waste on Prairie Island and the transport of nuclear materials. Crocker warns that widespread defects in cooling system tubing in nuclear plants could lead to catastrophic accidents. And he outlines -- and advocates -- the alternatives of safe renewable energy sources.

#195
Dr. Alvin Marks, Solar Pioneer
Dr. Alvin is a pioneer in the development of solar electricity. The inventor and scientist speaks on his decades of work in harnessing the sun's power and his newest breakthrough: the Lumeloid system providing an astounding 80% efficiency in converting sunlight to electricity. With Dr. Marks' associate, Dr. Maki Angandi.

#194
Second Wind
Dramatic advances are being made in wind power technology which will make it the least expensive source of electricity in the 2lst Century. Susan Giordano and Kenneth Cohn of Second Wind, Inc. outline the impressive developments in this richly illustrated Enviro Close-Up.

#193
Reactor Watchdog Project
Paul Gunter, head of the Reactor Watchdog Project at Washington-based Nuclear Information and Resource Service, warns of the grave dangers the world faces from commercial atomic power plants and the waste they generate.

#190 & 189
David Brower
David Brower (1912-2000), a giant of the environmental movement, founder and chair of Earth Island Institute, founder of Friends of the Earth and the League of Conservation Voters and former executive director of the Sierra Club, tells of his long and illustrious life as a key environmental leader. Brower discusses the environmental movement's history -- and his role in it, the present and what needs to be done in the future. Part One #189 - Part Two #190

#188
Toxics Action
Effective strategies to combat the discharge of poisons into the environment are outlined by Matthew Wilson, director of the Massachusetts Campaign to Clean Up Hazardous Waste, and Cindy Luppi, Massachusetts organizing director for Clean Water Action.#188

#186
EarthAction
EarthAction is a global network for the environment, peace and social justice. In this Enviro Close-Up, Lois Barber, Tom Pelleter and Jennie Buckingham of EarthAction discuss how, with l,400 citizen groups in 137 countries, it disseminates information to help parliamentarians, journalists, citizens and organizations act together on critical global issues.

#185
Mothers & Others
Mothers & Others, organized by actress Meryl Streep and other mothers concerned about the health impacts of pesticides in their childrens' food, has become a major national group. Its communication director, Elaine Lipson, describes how Mothers & Others promotes organic food and other safe and ecologically sustainable consumer choices.

#184
Quantum Leap in Solar Electricity
Revolutionary breakthroughs in solar photovoltaic systems — including thin electricity-producing panels now being used to inexpensively cover buildings are outlined by Deanne Evans, American Institute of Architects's vice president for research, and architect Greg Kiss.

#183
Green Building
Dramatic new developments in materials available to construct highly energy-efficient buildings are discussed by Alex Wilson and Nadav Malin of Environmental Building News.

#182
The Poisoning Of Our Food
Michael Colby, executive director of Food & Water, Inc., details the push by the Monsanto corporation to have its rBGH or recombinant bovine growth hormone used in dairy cows, the spread of chemical-based agriculture and the latest developments in the drive for radiation-exposing food - and how Walden, Vermont-based Food & Water successfully challenges the forces that would poison our food.

#181
Renewables Are Ready
How renewable energy technologies are being put to use in communities all over is discussed by Nancy Cole and P.J. Skerrett of the Union of Concerned Scientists and coauthors of the book, Renewables Are Ready: People Creating Renewable Energy Solutions. People are not waiting for politicians and mainstream media to wake up to the economic and environmental benefits of renewable energy, they show, but are moving ahead at the grassroots level.

#180
The War Against The Greens
David Helvarg, author of the book The War Against the Greens, outlines how an assault against environmentalism is being conducted by the so-called "Wise Use" movement and how this movement is being funded by exploitative industries and extreme right wing groups around the world. He outlines its reign of violence and intimidation - including arson, bombings and murder directed at environmental activists.

#176
Biodiesel: An Alternative Fuel
Biodiesel, a clean-burning fuel made from soybean oil and the oil of other vegetables is a low-cost, clean alternative to petroleum and is now in wide use. With Steve Mello senior vice president of Twin Rivers Technology of Massachusetts, which produces biodiesel, and Doug Wheaton of Massport, which runs biodiesel-fueled buses.
Watch 8 min. 39 sec. version!

#175
Greenhouses That Grow Clean Water
Building and operating greenhouses in which wastewater is purified by flowing through vegetation is the speciality of Ecological Engineering Associates of Marion, Massachusetts. Phillip C. Henderson, chief executive officer, and Bruce Strong, director of operations, discuss its innovative system and how it is now being applied globally.
Watch 8 min. 32 sec. version!

#174
The Scenic Hudson
Klara B. Sauer, director of the environmental organization Scenic Hudson, details the group's pioneering work to preserve the Hudson River Valley.

#173
Nuclear Wasteland
Dr. Howard Hu, coeditor of Nuclear Wasteland:. A Global Guide to Nuclear Weapons Production and Its Health and Environmental Effects and a Harvard School of Public Health professor, discusses histories and impacts of the development of nuclear weapons programs in declared and de facto nuclear weapons powers.

#172
Deep Ecology
Deep Ecology - the term coined by Arne Naess to describe a deeper, more spiritual approach to nature - is discussed by three people whose lives are based on deep ecology. Diane Depuydt and Ivan Ussach of The Sacred Earth Network, and Vivienne Simon director of the Center for Psychology and Social Change at Cambridge Hospital, speak of the meaning of deep ecology.

#171
A Good Environment: The Ultimate Preventive Medicine
Dr. Eric Chivian, director of the Project on Global Environmental Change and Health of Physicians for Social Responsibility, says that global environmental degradation is a human health issue. Humans are totally dependent on a healthy environment but the health effects of a bad environment are relatively neglected in the environmental debate, says Dr. Chivian, clinical professor of psychiatry at Harvard University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology. We must "begin to break the silence," he says. The health and lives of people in this and future generations depend on it.

#169
Environmental Issues: Eastern Africa
Kefialew Abate, coordinator of the Eastern Africa Environmental Network, speaks of environmental challenges facing the nations covered by his network which include Sudan, Ethopia, Dijbouti, Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda and Eritrea.

#167
Environmental Journalism
Philip Shabecoff, publisher of Greenwire, a computer-disseminated environmental news service, discusses environmental journalism. He is the author of A Fierce Green Fire: The American Environment Movement and A New Name for Peace: Environment, Development and Democracy. He was the principal environmental correspondent for The New York Times from 1977 to 1991 when he left the paper after being switched to the IRS beat and told he was "considered pro-environment" with the only example given: he used the word "slaughter" to describe the mass killing of dolphins.

#162
Environmental Careers
Agnes Ayuso and Al Corbin of the Environmental Careers Organization, a national, nonprofit organization dedicated to the development of environmental careers for people, describe ECO's activities.

#161
Hydrogen: Abundant Clean Energy
Hydrogen, easily produced from water through solar energy, is a fuel that is safe, clean and a permanent alternative to fossil fuels, says Dr. T. Nejat Veziroglu, president of the International Association for Hydrogen Energy. Dr. Veziroglu, a coauthor of Solar Hydrogen Energy, The Power to Save the Earth, tells how hydrogen fuel is now being used - for purposes ranging from electricity generation to fueling vehicles - and speaks of its vast potential. "It's a fuel forever," says Dr. Veziroglu, director of the Clean Energy Research Institute at the University of Miami and editor-in-chief of the International Journal of Hydrogen Energy.

#160
The Machine in the Garden
Dr. Leo Marx, the author of the book with that title and other works, and professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, tells of his decades of exploration of the interaction between technology and the environment.

#158
Holly SklarThe Trilateral Commission
Founded by David Rockefeller in 1973, The Trilateral Commission has tried to be a kind of board of directors seeking to help multi-national corporations control the world, says Holly Sklar, editor of Trilateralism, The Trilateral Commission and Elite Planning for World Management. The 300-member Trilateral Commission has had a deep impact on recent U.S. administrations. Trilateral members becoming U.S. presidents were Jimmy Carter, George Bush and Bill Clinton. The impacts on environment and energy policy of The Trilateral Commission are substantial, notes Sklar, and both NAFTA and GATT have been key Trilateral Commission goals.

#157
Dr. Ragovin Janet MarrinanDr. SonnenscheinBreast Cancer and the Environment
The relationship between breast cancer and environmental pollution is being increasingly realized. With one in eight women in the U.S. expected to develop breast cancer in their lifetimes - a dramatic increase - victims of breast cancer, environmental activists and independent medical experts are fighting back. In this Enviro Close-Up, Dr. Cathie Ragovin and Janet Marrinan of the Massachusetts Breast Cancer Coalition and Dr. Carlos Sonnenschein of the Tufts University School of Medicine detail the breast cancer-environment link and describe efforts to get at and stop the causes of breast cancer.

#156
Population Explosion
The population is booming and Mike Hanauer of Zero Population Growth considers that the world’s leading environmental problem. Population growth is already straining the world’s environmental and energy resources. If current trends continue, the population of the U.S. could reach a half-billion in the next century and world population could triple to 14 billion. Hanauer speaks of what needs to be done to stem the population explosion.

#154
WalshLoose Nukes
Plutonium and enriched uranium - the stuff from which nuclear weapons are made - are slipping out of the former Soviet Union. Nuclear smuggling has become a leading global security threat. There are concerns about terrorist groups making use of nuclear technology. Iran, Pakistan, Iraq, among other nations, have been seeking nuclear hardware for nuclear weapons programs. In this Enviro Close-Up, nuclear proliferation specialist Jim Walsh of the MIT Working Group on Nuclear Materials details the situation.

#146
Everything You Wanted to Know About Composting
Learn how to turn your kitchen and yard waste into "black gold." Ann McGovern, head of the Home Compost Program of the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection, explains the fundamentals of composting. Josh Nelson, president of Beaver River Associates of Kingston, Rhode Island, demonstrates how worms can easily help create compost.

#143
Richard GrossmanRichard Grossman
Author, former director of Environmentalists for Full Employment, and long-time leader in the environmental and anti-nuclear movements, Grossman outlines his newest campaign - against the unbridled power of U.S. corporations.

#142
South Africa & Environmental Justice
Heeten Kalan, director of the South African Exchange Program on Environmental Justice, explains how apartheid has left a deadly legacy of pollution for people of color in South Africa.

 #141
Paul BlanchThe Whistle-Blowers
Telling stories of standing up to and exposing major safety problems in the nuclear industry and running into enormous governmental and industry resistance - and explaining why this has been a national pattern - are nuclear engineers Paul M. Blanch and David A. Lochbaum.

#139
Rivers of America
Peter Lavigne of the River Network and Kevin Coyle of American Rivers speak on the state of rivers in North America today - and what their organizations are doing to improve the situation.

#136
Dr. Theo Colborn of World Wildlife Fund
The noted researcher discusses a massive study she conducted as senior scientist of the World Wildlife Fund - documenting dire and widespread health impacts to life on earth from toxic chemicals.

#135
Kate KilgusSaving Marine Mammals, Fighting SLAPP
The Marine Mammal Protection Coalition's Scott VanValkenburg tells of efforts to protect marine mammals. Describing their work to protect people against SLAPP (Strategic Litigation Against Public Participation) lawsuits are Stanford M. Pooler of the office of Massachusetts Representaive David B. Cohen and Kate Kilgus, a victim of a SLAPP suit.
Kate Kilgus

#132
Small Is Beautiful Lives
The E.F. Schumacher Society's Jake Sterling tells of how the revolutionary teachings of the forward-thinking Schumacher, author of Small Is Beautiful, are being carried out around the world today.

#131
Lappe-DuBoisFrances Moore Lappe and Paul Martin DuBois
The co-authors of The Quickening of America, Rebuilding Our Nation, Remaking Our Lives tell of the book's hopeful message: that an “ revolution” revitalizing democracy is occurring in the U.S. Lappe, who wrote Diet for a Small Planet, and DuBois also discuss their Center for Living Democracy based in Brattleboro, Vermont.

#128
Sunny MarlowRadiation Guinea Pigs
Sandra “” Marlow, whose information led to public disclosures that young people at the Fernald State School were being used for radiation experiments, and Daniel Burnstein, president of the Center for Atomic Radiation Studies, discuss US citizens being used as radiation test subjects.

#127
Steve StrongSolar Electricity
Solar energy author Steven J. Strong, president of Solar Design Associates, which develops solar-powered residential and industrial buildings throughout the U.S., explains how solar photovoltaic systems work and the great recent advances made in gathering power from the sun.

#126
George WaldGeorge Wald
The Nobel laureate biologist speaks on nuclear technology, fission, fusion and the state of the world's environment.

#125
Judith Johnsrud and Dr. Donnell W. Boardman
Johnsrud, director of Environmental Coalition on Nuclear Power and Dr. Boardman, founder of the Center for Atomic Radiation Studies, speak of the impacts of radiation on health.

 #124
Robert PollardRobert Pollard
As a matter of conscience, Pollard left the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, where he was an inspector, and joined the Union of Concerned Scientists. As UCS's senior nuclear safety engineer, he regularly criticizes the nuclear industry and government for inadequate nuclear regulation.

#116
Steve ComleySteve Comley
The founder of We The People, Inc., Comley tells of his struggles - including being taken to court by the U.S. government and threatened with jail and huge fines - in pressing for nuclear safety.

#115
Henry KendallHenry Kendall
Nobel laureate Kendall, chairman of the Union of Concerned Scientists, speaks on the environmental crisis facing the earth and what must be done.

#112
Scott Portzline David AgnewNuclear Insecurities
After the alleged bombers of New York City’s World Trade Center threatened to target U.S. nuclear power plants, the risk of nuclear terrorism has become a pertinent issue. Scott Portzline of Three Mile Island Alert warns that “ plants are sitting ducks for armed attack” and has testified on the subject before the U.S. Senate and U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. This Enviro Close-Up includes footage shot by Portzline who flew in a plane a few hundred feet above Three Mile Island and later landed by boat at the same site. Also interviewed are David Agnew of Citizens at Risk, Cape Cod and Mary Ott of Citizens Urging Responsible Energy - who discuss problems involving the Pilgrim nuclear plant in Massachusetts. Despite a comprehensive 1990 study linking Pilgrim (built a mile and a half from Plymouth Rock) to cancer downwind, little has been done about this or other related problems.

#110
Micheal ColbyFood Irradiation
For decades the nuclear industry has promoted food irradiation to extend its storage life and develop a use for nuclear wastes. The U.S. Department of Agriculture has been urging the mandatory radiation exposure of meat. In 1992 the first U.S. food irradiation plant (the Vindicator facility in Florida) opened - with food irradiation proponents hoping it would be the first of thousands. In this Enviro Close-Up, Michael Colby, executive director of Food & Water, Inc., the principal group fighting food irradiation in the U.S. , details the technology’s history and current status, and connects food irradiation to cancer.

#107
Abby Rockefeller, Bill Duesing and Seth Schulman
Abby Rockefeller of the Resource Institute for Low Entropy Systems, who has crusaded for years for the utilization of composting toilets, criticizes the overuse of water in conventional waste systems. Bill Duesing of the Northeast Organic Farming Association details how organic farming and gardening is practical and necessary for the good of the land and people’s health. Seth Schulman, author of the book The Threat at Home, discusses how his five-year investigation, which led to the book, found that the U.S. government and military are the most flagrant violators of U.S. environmental laws - with the military putting out “ a ton of toxic waste every minute.”

#105
Ecological Economics
Ruth Caplan and Owen Delong
In this Enviro Close-Up, two leaders in the new field of environmental economics describe how economies can and must function in harmony with the environment. Ms. Caplan, former director of Environmental Action, describes the basis for sustainable economy. Owen DeLong, economist and University of Kansas researcher, urges that products be evaluated according to their effects on people and the environment - not solely for their usefulness and profit potential.

#102
Michelle Perreault, Sierra Club & Brock Evans, Audubon Society
In this Enviro Close-Up, Ms. Perreault, the first woman president of the Sierra Club and now the group’s international vice president, focuses on the role of women in the environmental movement. She speaks of the movement’s “ boy’s network,” tells how this is changing and describes the sexual discrimination experienced by women all over the world when “ out against environmental pollution.” Brock Evans, vice president for national affairs of Audubon, talks on the ravaging of tropical rain forests and widespread “ of the planet” - and recommends actions to stop this.

#101
CaldicottHelen Caldicot
Dr. Caldicott reveals why and how she began her lifelong challenge of fighting nuclear technology. She tells of reading On The Beach, a novel about the consequences of a global nuclear war, when she was 15 and how her commitment grew when she became a pediatrician and a parent. Every nuclear power plant is “ medically dangerous,” she says. “I’m doing this for the children and their future.” Dr. Caldicott believes there is a clear choice between the forces of evil and good, dark and light, power and conflict, and war and love/caring for other people. She tells how she takes the life-affirming path.

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